Baseball bats, swimming holes and grape juice-pops: they
are summertime joys for kids, and kids-at-heart. Another thing they have in
common is that non-native, invasive species like Emerald Ash Borer, Spotted
Lanternfly and feral swine threaten their existence.
Pennsylvania has, and is trying hard NOT to have, dozens of
non-native, invasive plant, insect and animal species. Worse than mere killjoys,
they can threaten the livelihood of food producers and those who depend on them.
They also threaten food and agricultural products and the $74.5 billion they pour
into our state’s economy.
What’s more, they are hazards to human health and safety,
and they disrupt the natural habitat of our waterways, threatening water
quality and eliminating the food supply for the fish and other animals native
Take just the three examples above.
Borer, a sparkly green, exotic beetle, has killed millions of Pennsylvania ash
trees since it was accidently imported to the U.S., then found in our state in
2004. Dying or damaged ash trees along streets, hiking trails, and in parks can
be dangerous to people below. Removing damaged trees yourself may be even more
dangerous unless you happen to be a professional forester.
The ash baseball bats that originate as Pennsylvania hardwoods
and have long been favored by little leaguers and major leaguers alike, are
Lanternfly, another wildly colorful, non-native insect made its way to PA
on the also non-native Tree of
Heaven — the home of choice for the adult and near-adult pests — much more
recently. As it develops, it hops from one woody plant to another, destroying
grapevines, and trees like peach, plum, cherry and hardwoods.
We love our grape juice and wine, as does the rest of the
country and the world! Pennsylvania is the top U.S. supplier of concord grapes
and hardwood saw timber.
Unlike these other pests, feral
swine are not particularly colorful. In fact, they’re ugly, menacing, and
can weigh as much as 400 pounds. They carry viral and bacterial diseases that
can infect and kill livestock, wildlife and pets. The diseases and parasites
they carry can easily spread to humans.
Feral swine are voracious eaters. They root and wallow,
tearing up farmland, woodlands and streams. So, it’s not just the old swimmin’
hole they wreck. It’s also the animals, people and plants who rely on the
environment they destroy and the food that is raised on the land.
The PA Department of Agriculture works with other PA state
agencies, including the Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, the
Game Commission, and Fish and Boat Commission, to remove the threats presented
by invasive species. We also work with PSU Extension, the USDA, other federal
agencies and state governments, and with private industry.
Learn what YOU can do to help eliminate pests in your area,
or keep them out of your area altogether, at the links above and here.
And while you’re at it, have a grape juice-pop!